Coral are complex organisms. To be able to grow and cultivate coral for the purpose of coral reef restoration requires an understanding of the organism. This process has been achieved through scientific experimentation. If we compare corals to plants and trees we find that they are all complex in nature. But why is that people readily knew how to plant and cultivate trees but not corals? The answer, quite simply, is that on land we have been planting, growing and cultivating trees for thousands of years. With coral, we have only recently become aware, in the last 35 years, of the need to take action so that we can re-habilitate the damaged and dying reefs.
There are several methods of coral propagation around the world, many of which use questionable methodology including metal grids, PVC piping, leather and even electrolysis. What drew organizations like Sea Shepherd and Reef Guardian to Ocean Quest was its all-natural method. The founder of Ocean Quest, Anuar Abdullah, has spent most of his life on the coral reefs of Malaysia, observing their behavior and life cycles, and conducting his own research.